Axel Ruprecht is Gilbert E. Lilly Professor of Diagnostic Sciences, and is Professor of OM Radiology, of Radiology, and of Anatomy and Cell Biology at The University of Iowa. He has taught at the Universities of Western Ontario and Saskatchewan in Canada, King Saud University in Saudi Arabia, and the University of Marburg, in Germany. His DDS and MScD are from the University of Toronto. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada in OM Radiology and a Diplomate of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, as well as a Fellow of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, International College of Dentists and American College of Dentists. He is past president of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Canadian Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, and American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, and belongs to the Radiological Society of North America, American Society of Head and Neck Radiology, Iowa Radiological Society, American College of Radiology and International Association of Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology. Axel is also in private practice at OM Radiology Consultants, dealing mainly, but not exclusively, with CBCT referrals, and at the University Iowa Hospitals & Clinics in the Department of Radiology. Axel is an instrument-rated private pilot (single engine land and sea), scuba diver, traction steam engineer and family genealogist.